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The teacher for this course should make sure that students see septic tank being constructed muscle relaxant liver disease 135 mg colospa with mastercard, overflowing tanks etc muscle relaxant general anesthesia buy 135 mg colospa with mastercard. Types of Individual Containment & Treatment Systems There are basically two types of individual waste containment and treatment systems available. Cesspool A cesspool is a large diameter hole dug in the ground to receive waste matter from kitchen and toilets. In Ethiopia a cesspool is We see cesspools constructed in institution and individual homes with dry masonry and cover slab with no other effluent design like septic tanks. The methods we used for pit latrines could also apply for cesspool except that the water content of this type is greater than pit latrines. After determination of size and site the general construction methods is as follows. Construct dry masonry wall having openings on the wall for letting liquid part to seep through the wall. The poles are arranged in the hole at standing position so that the lumbers are put on top of them to make the floor or the slab. So that a person can go inside to remove the poles and lumber after the concrete is Set. Once concrete is casted it has to be water morning and evening for at least 10 days. When the system fails to function (no seepage or percolation) because of clogging or over saturation the contents of the cesspool over flaw to the ground surface causing nuisance and health hazard. Septic Tanks Septic tank is a horizontal continuum flaw, one story sedimentation tank of masonry (cement plastered from inside), or concrete. It is designed to contain and treat all the sewage or If vents are not arranged gas produced might wastewater generated in the household. In the septic tank sewage and wastewater is allowed to flaw slowly to permit suspended matter settle at the bottom. The tank is designed in such a way that it will be able to hold or retain the waste until anaerobic decomposition is established. After anaerobic action and in the process some of the suspended organic matter is changed into liquid and gaseous substances. Septic tanks are usually built underground but a prefabricated tank could also be used above ground provided the elevation difference allows for gravity flaw of waste to and from the tank. The anaerobic bacteria flourish in the absence of free oxygen and warmth, where these conditions are created in a septic tank. Human excreta consists of 65% mineral matter which does not under go any chemical change in septic tank, and 35 % organic matter of which only 20 to 40% of organic matter (solids) are liquefied or gasified in the septic tank. The heavier matter settles at the bottom and the lighter matter (grease and fat) which are called scum form a layer above the liquid level. Septic tank installations are encouraged in the absence of municipal sewerage and treatment systems. Institutions such as schools, and health care facilities such as hospitals, health centers, etc. Septic tank system should be designed in such a way that it contains and treats the generated waste of the household. If not effectively treated and contained it will over flaw to the ground surface causing nuisance and health problem. But, generally the flow of sewage depends on the number of people and how abundant water is available to the family. When sullage is discharged to the septic tanks the sewage flow will be about 90 to 150 liters per capita per day. This also depends on the type of kitchen, whether internal plumbing is available in the kitchen or not and hygienic practices of the people working in the kitchen. Where large quantity of sullage is expected it will be wise to separately dispose to a seepage or soak pit, just like we do for septic tank effluent than to add to the septic tank and increase the organic load. The rate of accumulation of sludge has been recommended as 30 liters per capita per day. However, scum and sludge accumulation in the tank depends upon the characteristics of the sewage and the efficiency of sedimentation. The minimum capacity of a septic tank depends on the amount of water supplied to the individual homes or the community. Cleaning of sludge from a septic tank will be made easier if the floor of the tank slopes down towards the inlet (see drawing), thus causing most sludge to build up at one end of the tank.

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It is small round shape cells with a small amount of cytoplasm muscle relaxant pictures discount 135 mg colospa otc, dividing very actively muscle relaxant pictures discount 135mg colospa amex. At puberty onset, the part o f sper matogonia stops their division and they are changed to spermatozoa. A growth period is characterized by reproduction termination and spermatogonia are changed to primary spermatocyte. As result o f this primary spermatocytes are changed to second ary spermatocytes and then to spermatids. Secondary spermatocytes are in two times less in volume than primary spermatocytes. During period of formation, the spermatids are changed to spermatozoids the oogenesis. At the end of this period, oogonia stop reproducing and are changed to primary oocyte. It may be distinguished "small growth", nucleus and cytoplasm volume increasing, and "large growth", accumu lation o f yolk inclusions (proteins, fats, fats-like substances). There is a lot ofyolk in amphibia, reptilia and birds ova, but there are a few yolks in lancelets, mammalian and human ova. Then secondary oocyte gives up second polar body and after that, it becomes mature 59 4 Pic. The human ovicell (A) and spermatozoon (B) (x2000); I - nucleus, 2 - nucleolus, 3 - polar body, 4 - corona radiate, 5 - head, 6 - neck, 7 - tail (by K. This irregular division may be explained by expediency o f yolk and cytoplasm preservation for ovicell. Thus, the main differences o f oogenesis from spermatogenesis may be concluded in following: 1) the reproduction period o f oogonia is terminated after birth; 2) the oogenesis growth period is longer and have subdivisions to "small growth" and "large growth". Oocyte becomes bigger than spermatocyte; 3) Pri mary oocyte may give only one M l gamete, whereas spermatocyte gives four; 4). Ovicells - are oval, big, immobile cell which are in hundreds or even millions times bigger than spermatozoa. Isolecitinal ovicells (primary and secondary) have a satisfactory amount equally distributed yolk, with nucleus in central o f a cell. Polylecitinal ovicells (centrolecitinal andtelolecitinal) have excessive amount ofyolk. However, some researchers consider mammalian ovicell to be isolecitinal as many mollusks, lanceolate ovicells are. There are primary coat produced by ovicell itself, secondary coat, produced by follicular cells, tertiary coats that surround ovicell while it moves in uterine tube. The external part o f dense coat is produced by follicular cell and it is secondary coat. Microvilia of ovum enter to the dense coat from inside and microvilia o f follicular cells enter from outside. On a high power magnification, it is looked striated and that why called radiated coat "corona radiata" or shining coat "zona pellucida". Tertiary coats are well developed in reptilians, birds, amphibians and cartilaginous fishes. They are produced by uterine tube mucosa to defend ovum from different harmful influences. Those animals that live on a land use such coat for water and food storage for embryo. Spermatozoa - are a small, mobile cell with nutritive substances storage reduced to minimum. The cytoplasm of sperm head has liquid-crystal state, which defend it from harmful environmental influences. Sperm has high nucleus/cytoplasm ratio corresponding to it main task - bring genetic material to ovicell. There are external (in fishes and amphibia) and internal (in reptilia, birds and mammalia) 61 insemination.

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Nevertheless the most frequently identified cause for instability in our study was subscapularis tendon rupture (10/27) muscle relaxant brand names purchase colospa 135mg with visa. One argument is that a glenoid metal-backed component (which is thicker than a cemented glenoid component) could lead to muscle relaxant 2632 discount colospa 135mg subscapularis and/or massive rotator cuff tendon rupture and consequently to anterior instability or to a devastating anterior-superior escape of the humeral head 31. Type B2 and C glenoid dysplasia - which is one of the major causes for post-operative instability 11,21 - is not rare in patients with shoulder osteoarthritis and represents 2432. That is the reason why soft-tissue failure in our study may be due to overstraining of the soft tissue during correction of posterior dysplasia in four out of nine cases (44. Those results highlight the fact that the amount of bone block to be placed in order to prevent a posterior instability from happening has to be quantified. Inability to correct posterior glenoid Walch B2 or C deformities with regular cemented glenoid components has been associated with high rate of loosening whichever be the technique used: 152 Paris Shoulder Course 2019 Currents Concepts in Shoulder Arthroplasty 153 either augmentation with polymethylmetacrylate cement to fill the posterior defect or bone grafting which may lead to thermal necrosis during cement setting 7. Although anteverting the humeral component to compensate for glenoid retroversion is relatively simple and has been advocated by many investigators 1,5,8 19,20,26,32 it does not increase the stability of a shoulder replacement with a retroverted glenoid component 12,25. Soft-tissue imbalance is present in most cases of instability following shoulder arthroplasty, and component malpositioning plays an additional role in some cases. Sanchez-Sotelo showed that more than one half of the shoulders remained unstable despite attempts of revision 24. On the other hand nine patients who had specific open procedures such as bone blocks, humeral or glenoid component revision, subscapularis repair, reduction or nothing had a final Constant score of 39. Finally eleven unconstraint prostheses sustained episodes of prosthetic instability without any rotator cuff deficiency whereas sixteen unconstraint prostheses had either an isolated subscapularis tendon tear (ten) or a massive rotator cuff tear (six). Consequently, we do think that, soft-tissue deficiency was the main cause for unconstraint prosthesis instability instead of component malpositioning. This platform system with a cementless glenoid had the advantage of preservation of bone stock, reconstruction of glenoid bone loss if any and easier revision 15. As opposed to previous studies we had predictable and reliable results thanks to a platform system that made the revision easier. Subscapularis function after primary tendon to tendon repair in patients after replacement arthroplasty of the shoulder. Total shoulder arthroplasty for glenohumeral arthritis associated with posterior glenoid bone loss: results of an all-polyethylene, posteriorly augmented glenoid component. Subscapularis muscle function and structure after total shoulder replacement with lesser tuberosity osteotomy and repair. Regarding "Metal-backed glenoid implant with polyethylene insert is not a viable longterm therapeutic option". Patient self-assessment of health status and function in glenohumeral degenerative joint disease. Loss of subscapularis function after total shoulder replacement: A seldom recognized problem. The effect of humeral component anteversion on shoulder stability with glenoid component retroversion. Minimum fifteen-year follow-up of Neer hemiarthroplasty and total shoulder arthroplasty in patients aged fifty years or younger. Mazzocca decoaptation is an abnormal gap between the humeral cup and glenosphere that results from insufficient deltoid tension (Figure 4). Hypertensioning can also cause permanent, resting abduction and axillary nerve damage. The range of motion between both stem inclinations was not significantly different. Further biomechanical data are needed to truly determine how altering the humeral inclination alone changes the abduction moment arm, center of rotation, and glenoid-baseplate interface. Figure 3 Medialization of the center of rotation (right) reduces posterior deltoid tension in external rotation. While some superior decoaptation is considered normal for the Grammont design, global Figure 5 Combined deltoid force requirements for maximal abduction are reduced with 135° and 155° humeral stems compared to the native state. This may increase polyethylene wear, leading to glenoid osteolysis and scapular notching. We found posterosuperior (Figure 10B), posterocentral (Figure 10C), and posteroinferior (Figure 10D) glenoid wear.

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Applying these methods in the workplace spasms verb generic colospa 135mg with mastercard, such as Csikszentmihalyi did with Swedish police officers zyprexa spasms buy colospa 135 mg line, can improve morale by fostering a sense of greater happiness and accomplishment, and in correlated to increased performance. In order to achieve flow, Csikszentmihalyi lays out the following eight conditions: 1. By creating a workplace atmosphere that allows for flow and growth, Flow (psychology) Csikszentmihalyi argues, can increase the happiness and achievement of employees. He explains that while some tasks at work may fit into a larger, organization plan, the individual worker may not see where their individual task fits it. When there is little communication of feedback, an employee may not be assigned tasks that challenge them or seem important, which could potentially prevent an opportunity for flow. In the study "Predicting flow at work: Investigating the activities and job characteristics that predict flow states at work" Karina Nielsen and Bryan Clean used a 9- item flow scale to examine predictors of flow at two levels: activity level (such as brainstorming, problem solving, and evaluation) and at a more stable level (such as role clarity, influence, and cognitive demands). They found that activities such as planning, problem solving, and evaluation predicted transient flow states, but that more stable job characteristics were not found to predict flow at work. This study can help us identify which task at work can be cultivated and emphasized in order to help employees experience flow on the job. In her article in Positive Psychology News Daily, Kathryn Britton examines the importance of experiencing flow in the workplace beyond the individual benefits it creates. For example, frequent experiences of flow at work lead to higher productivity, innovation, and employee development (Csikszentmihalyi, 1991, 2004). So finding ways to increase the frequency of flow experiences can be one way for people to work together to increase the effectiveness of their workplaces. Researchers have found that achieving a flow state is positively correlated with optimal performance in the fields of artistic and scientific creativity (Perry, 1999; Sawyer, 1992), teaching (Csнkszentmihбlyi, 1996), learning (Csнkszentmihбlyi et al. One emerges from such a flow experience with a bit of personal growth and great "feelings of competence and efficacy". Nigro (1994), the Body of Myth: Mythology, Shamanic Trance, and the Sacred Geography of the Body (http:/ / books. Anything which you perceive as beautiful, useful, or fun comes from someone stumbling through the Zone. Overlearning 16 Overlearning Overlearning is a pedagogical concept according to which newly acquired skills should be practiced well beyond the point of initial mastery, leading to automaticity. Mental state in terms of challenge level and skill level, according to Csikszentmihalyi. Relaxation is a form of mild ecstasy coming from the frontal lobe of the brain in which the backward cortex sends signals, or prions, to the frontal cortex via a mild sedative. The first recorded use of the word boredom is in the novel Bleak House by Charles Dickens, written in 1852,[1] in which it appears six times, although the expression to be a bore had been used in the sense of "to be tiresome or dull" since 1768. Fisher in terms of its central psychological processes: "an unpleasant, transient affective state in which the individual feels a pervasive lack of interest in and difficulty concentrating on the current activity. Leary and others describe boredom as "an affective experience associated with cognitive attentional processes. These include times when we are prevented from engaging in some wanted activity, when we are forced to engage in some unwanted activity, or when we are simply unable, for no apparent reason, to 1997. This is typically assessed by the Mental state in terms of challenge level and skill level, according to Csikszentmihalyi. There is an inherent anxiety in boredom; people will expend considerable effort to prevent or remedy it, yet in many circumstances, it is accepted as suffering to be endured. Common passive ways to escape boredom are to sleep or to think creative thoughts (daydream). Typical active solutions consist in an intentional activity of some sort, often something new, as familiarity and repetition lead to the tedious. In contexts where one is confined, spatially or otherwise, boredom may be met with various religious activities, not because religion would want to associate itself with tedium, but rather, partly because boredom may be taken as the essential human condition, to which God, wisdom, or morality are the ultimate answers. Boredom is in fact taken in this sense by virtually all existentialist philosophers as well as by Schopenhauer. Heidegger wrote about boredom in two texts available in English, in the 1929/30 semester lecture course the Fundamental Concepts of Metaphysics, and again in the essay What is Metaphysics? In the lecture, Heidegger included about 100 pages on boredom, probably the most extensive philosophical treatment ever of 1916 Rea Irvin illustration depicting a bore the subject. He focused on waiting at train stations in particular as a putting her audience to sleep major context of boredom. Blaise Pascal in the Pensйes discusses the human condition in saying "we seek rest in a struggle against some obstacles.

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The suggested models of the creative creativity of this designer in reusing this waste was used with good effects to muscle relaxant bath generic colospa 135 mg online the person spasms ms 135 mg colospa mastercard. These are referred to as the four "Creativity Profiles" that can help achieve such goals. Todd Lubart has studied extensively the cultural aspects of creativity and innovation. In these fields, originality is considered to be a sufficient condition for creativity, unlike other fields where both originality and appropriateness [80] are necessary. Within the different modes of artistic expression, one can postulate a continuum extending from "interpretation" to "innovation". Note that we conventionally expect some "creative" people (dancers, actors, orchestral members, etc. Contrast alternative theories, for example: · artistic inspiration, which provides the transmission of visions from divine sources such as the Muses; a taste of the Divine. In the art practice and theory of Davor Dzalto, human creativity is taken as a basic feature of both the personal existence of human being and art production. For this thinker, creativity is a basic cultural and anthropological category, since it enables human manifestation in the world as a "real presence" in contrast to the progressive "virtualization" of the world. Psychological examples from science and mathematics Jacques Hadamard, in his book Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field, uses introspection to describe mathematical thought processes. In contrast to authors who identify language and cognition, he describes his own mathematical thinking as largely wordless, often accompanied by mental images that represent the entire solution to a problem. Hadamard described the experiences of the mathematicians/theoretical physicists Carl Friedrich Gauss, Hermann von Helmholtz, Henri Poincarй and others as viewing entire solutions with "sudden spontaneity. Creative professions include writing, art, design, theater, television, radio, motion pictures, related crafts, as well as marketing, strategy, some aspects of scientific research and development, product development, some types of teaching and curriculum design, and more. Since many creative professionals (actors and writers, for example) are also employed in secondary professions, estimates of creative professionals are often inaccurate. Creativity in other professions Creativity is also seen as being increasingly important in a variety of other professions. Architecture and industrial design are the fields most often associated with creativity, and more generally the fields of design and design research. These fields explicitly value creativity, and journals such as Design Studies have published many studies on creativity and creative problem solving. Simonton[21] shows how some of the major scientific advances of the 20th century can be attributed to the creativity of individuals. This ability will also be seen as increasingly important for engineers in years to come. Accounting has also been associated with creativity with the popular euphemism creative accounting. Although this term often implies unethical practices, Amabile[80] has suggested that even this profession can benefit from the (ethical) application of creative thinking. Creativity 130 Creativity in organizations It has been the topic of various research studies to establish that organizational effectiveness depends on the creativity of the workforce to a large extent. For any given organization, measures of effectiveness vary, depending upon its mission, environmental context, nature of work, the product or service it produces, and customer demands. Thus, the first step in evaluating organizational effectiveness is to understand the organization itself - how it functions, how it is structured, and what it emphasizes. Amabile[80] argued that to enhance creativity in business, three components were needed: · Expertise (technical, procedural and intellectual knowledge), · Creative thinking skills (how flexibly and imaginatively people approach problems), · and Motivation (especially intrinsic motivation). There are two types of motivation: · extrinsic motivation ­ external factors, for example threats of being fired or money as a reward, · intrinsic motivation ­ comes from inside an individual, satisfaction, enjoyment of work etc. Six managerial practices to encourage motivation are: · Challenge ­ matching people with the right assignments; · Freedom ­ giving people autonomy choosing means to achieve goals; · Resources ­ such as time, money, space etc. Nonaka, who examined several successful Japanese companies, similarly saw creativity and knowledge creation as being important to the success of organizations. It links creativity to innovation process and competitive intelligence to creative workers. Economic views of creativity Economic approaches to creativity have focussed on three aspects - the impact of creativity on economic growth, methods of modelling markets for creativity, and the maximisation of economic creativity (innovation). In the early 20th century, Joseph Schumpeter introduced the economic theory of creative destruction, to describe the way in which old ways of doing things are endogenously destroyed and replaced by the new. Some economists (such as Paul Romer) view creativity as an important element in the recombination of elements to produce new technologies and products and, consequently, economic growth.

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In East and Southeast Asia kidney spasms causes effective 135mg colospa, these are forms such as Korean spasms groin area purchase colospa 135mg amex, Khmer or Mongolian wrestling and Japanese Sumo, in South and Southwest Asia Indo-Persian Pehlwani, in Central and Western Asia Turkic (Uzbek, Tatar) styles; in Europe, there are Icelandic, Swiss and various English wrestling traditions. While these arts are based on historical traditions of folklore, they are not "historical" in the sense that they reconstruct or preserve a historical system from a specific era. They are rather contemporary regional sports that coexist with the modern forms of martial arts sports as they have developed since the 19th century, often including cross-fertilization between sports and folk styles; thus, the traditional Thai style of Muay Boran developed into the modern national sport of Muay Thai, which in turn came to be practiced worldwide and contributed significantly to modern hybrid styles like kickboxing and mixed martial arts. Martial arts 91 Modern history Further information: Modern history of East Asian martial arts late 19th to early 20th century the mid to late 19th century marks the beginning of the history of martial arts as modern sports developed out of earlier traditional fighting systems. In Japan, the same period marks the formation of the modern forms of judo, jujitsu, karate, and kendo (among others) based on revivals of old schools of Edo period martial arts which had been suppressed during the Meiji Restoration. In China, the modern history of martial arts begins in the Nanjing decade (1930s) following the foundation of the Central Guoshu Institute in 1928 under the Kuomintang government. Western interest in Asian martial arts arises towards the end of the 19th century, due to the increase in trade between the United States with China and Japan. Relatively few Westerners actually practiced the arts, considering it to be mere performance. Edward William Barton-Wright, a railway engineer who had studied jujitsu while working in Japan between 1894­97, was the first man known to have taught Asian martial arts in Europe. He also founded an eclectic style named Bartitsu which combined jujutsu, judo, boxing, savate and stick fighting. The tradition of awarding championship belts in wrestling and boxing can be traced to the Lonsdale Belt, introduced in 1909. Jiu-Jitsu gained fame quickly in Brazil because of the popular fights with Capoeira fighters. Jujutsu, judo and karate first became popular among the mainstream from the 1950s-60s. Due in part to Asian and Hollywood martial arts movies, most modern American martial arts are either Asian-derived or Asian influenced. American kickboxing was developed in the 1970s, as a combination of boxing and karate. The later 1960s and 1970s witnessed an increased media interest in the Chinese fighting systems, influenced by martial artist and Hollywood actor Bruce Lee. Jeet Kune Do, the system he founded, has its roots in Wing Chun, western boxing, savate and fencing. Bruce Lee is credited as one of the first instructors to openly teach Chinese martial arts to Westerners. World Judo Championships have been held since 1956, Judo at the Summer Olympics was introduced in 1964. Following the "kung fu wave" in Hong Kong action cinema in the 1970s, a number of mainstream films produced during the 1980s contributed significantly to the perception of martial arts in western popular culture. This era produced some Hollywood action stars with martial arts background, such as Jean-Claude Van Damme and Chuck Norris. Also during the 20th century, a number of martial arts systems were adapted for self-defense purposes for military hand-to-hand combat. Jackie Chan and Jet Li are prominent movie figures who have been responsible for promoting Chinese martial arts in recent years. With the continual discovery of "new" Medieval and Renaissance fighting manuals, the practice of Historical European Martial Arts and other Western Martial Arts are growing in popularity across the United States and Europe. Students within individual martial art systems often undergo periodic testing and grading by their own teacher in order to advance to a higher level of recognized achievement, such as a different belt color or title. The type of testing used varies from system to system but may include forms or sparring. Various forms and sparring are commonly used in martial art exhibitions and tournaments. Some competitions pit practitioners of different disciplines against each other using a common set of rules, these are referred to as mixed martial arts competitions. Rules for sparring vary between art and organization but can generally be divided into light-contact, medium-contact, and full-contact variants, reflecting the amount of force that should be used on an opponent.

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In this conceptual age spasms sternum cheap colospa 135 mg free shipping, we will need to back spasms 34 weeks pregnant generic colospa 135 mg online foster and encourage right-directed thinking (representing creativity and emotion) over left-directed thinking (representing logical, analytical thought). These include approaches that have been developed by both academia and industry: 1. Providing balance Some see the conventional system of schooling as "stifling" of creativity and attempt (particularly in the pre-school/kindergarten and early school years) to provide a creativity-friendly, rich, imagination-fostering environment for young children. Promoting intrinsic motivation and problem solving are two areas where educators can foster creativity in students. Students are more creative when they see a task as intrinsically motivating, valued for its own sake. Providing students with a choice of activities to complete allows them to become more intrinsically motivated and therefore creative in completing the tasks. This is accomplished by allowing students to explore problems and redefine them, possibly drawing on knowledge Creativity that at first may seem unrelated to the problem in order to solve it. These tools have made more obvious the existence of a more connective, cooperative and collective nature of creativity rather than the prevailing individual one. Creativity Research on Global Virtual Teams [110] is showing that the creative process is affected by the national identities, cognitive and conative profiles, anonymous interactions at times and many other factors affecting the teams members, depending on the early or later stages of the cooperative creative process. Such tools enhancing cooperative creativity may have a great impact on society and as such should be tested while they are built following the Motto: "Build the Camera while shooting the film". It might be a good tool to provide an interdisciplinary definition and a rather unified theory of creativity. The creative processes being highly fuzzy, the programming of cooperative tools for creativity and innovation should be adaptive and flexible. If all the activity of the universe could be traced with appropriate captors, it is likely that one could see the creative nature of the universe to which humans are active contributors. After the web of documents, the Web of Things might shed some light on such a universal creative phenomenon which should not be restricted to humans. In order to trace and enhance cooperative and collective creativity, Metis Reflexive Global Virtual Team has worked for the last few years on the development of a Trace Composer [114] at the intersection of personal experience and social knowledge. Metis Reflexive Team has also identified a paradigm for the study of creativity to bridge European theory of "useless" and non-instrumentalized creativity, North American more pragmatic creativity and Chinese culture stressing more creativity as a holistic process of continuity rather than radical change and originality. This paradigm is mostly based on the work of the German philosopher Hans Joas, one that emphasizes the creative character of human action. Joas elaborates some implications of his model for theories of social movements and social change. The connection between concepts like creation, innovation, production and expression is facilitated by the creativity of action [115] as a metaphore but also as a scientific concept. Creativity 133 Social attitudes to creativity Although the benefits of creativity to society as a whole have been noted,[116] social attitudes about this topic remain divided. The wealth of literature regarding the development of creativity and the profusion of creativity techniques indicate wide acceptance, at least among academics, that creativity is desirable. There is, however, a dark side to creativity, in that it represents a "quest for a radical autonomy apart from the constraints of social responsibility". Sir Ken Robinson argues that the current education system is "educating people out of their creativity". A report by the Business Council of Australia, for example, has called for a higher level of creativity in graduates. However, the above-mentioned paradox may well imply that firms pay lip service to thinking outside the box while maintaining traditional, hierarchical organization structures in which individual creativity is not rewarded. And albeit that God hath created all things in right order, and nothing without order, but all things be ordered and numbered, yet nevertheless they that be damned be not in order, nor hold no order. Process and reality: an essay in cosmology; Gifford Lectures delivered in the University of Edinburgh during the session 1927-28 (Corrected ed. Incubation, insight, and creative problem solving: A unified theory and a connectionist model.


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